Art criticism




Art criticism 





Today  I am going to enlighten my blog audience about Art criticism .Criticism and the psychology of art, although independent disciplines, are related to aesthetics. The psychology of art is concerned with such elements of the arts as human responses to color, sound, line, form, and words and with the ways in which the emotions condition such responses. Criticism confines itself to particular works of art, analyzing their structures, meanings, and problems, comparing them with other works, and evaluating them. Before go further , lets understand the meaning of criticism first .
Critisism means :



1.  act of criticizing: a spoken or written opinion or judgment of what is wrong or bad about somebody or something
2.  disapproval: spoken or written opinions that point out one or more faults of somebody or something
3.  assessment of creative work: considered judgment of or discussion about the qualities of something, especially a creative work.

Artists have often had an uneasy relationship with their critics. Artists usually need positive opinions from critics for their work to be viewed and purchased; unfortunately for the artists, only later generations may understand it.


History


Although critiques of art may have its origins in the origins of art itself, art criticism as a genre is credited to have acquired its modern form by the 18th century. The first writer to acquire an individual reputation as an art critic in 18th C. France was  La Font de Saint -Yenne who wrote about the Salon of 1737 and wrote primarily to entertain while including anti-monarchist rhetoric in his prose.

The 18th C. French writer Denis Diderot  is usually credited with the invention of the modern medium of art criticism. Diderot's "The Salon of 1765" was one of the first real attempts to capture art in words. According to art historian Thomas E. Crow , "When Diderot took up art criticism it was on the heels of the first generation of professional writers who made it their business to offer descriptions and judgments of contemporary painting and sculpture. The demand for such commentary was a product of the similarly novel institution of regular, free, public exhibitions of the latest art."

A dominating figure in 19th century art criticism was French poet Charles Baudelaire, whose first published work was his art review Salon of 1845, which attracted immediate attention for its boldness. Many of his critical opinions were novel in their time, including his championing of Eugene Delacroix and Gustava Courbet . When Edouard Manet's famous Olympia(1865), a portrait of a nude courtesan, provoked a scandal for its blatant realism, Baudelaire worked privately to support his friend.


Today

Art critics today work not only in print media-in specialist art magazines as well as newspapers, but also on the internet, on TV and on radio, and in museums and galleries. Many are also employed in universities or as art educators for museums. Art critics curate exhibitions and are frequently employed to write exhibition catalogues. Art critics have their own organisation, a UNESCO non-governmental organisation, called the International Association of Art Critics  which has around 76 national sections and a political non-aligned section for refugees and exiles .


Art Blogs

Since in the early 21st century, online art critical websites and art blogs have cropped up around the world to add their voices to the art world. Some notable art blogs and art blog writers who have focused on art criticism include Art fag city , Art Critical, Neoteric Art, James Wagner, Fallon and Rosof, CultureGrrl, Edward Winkleman's blog, Sharon Butler's Two Coats of Paint, The James Kalm  Report, Sharkforum  blog, Wooster Collective blog, Brian Sherwin's writing on Myartspace and FineArtViews, Hrag Vartanian & Hyperallergic, Tyler Green's Modern Art Notes, Mat Gleason's Coagula Art Journal and Jerry Saltz . Many of these writers use social media resources like Facebook , Twitter and Google+ to introduce readers to their opinions about art criticism.



























- Rishabh Shukla



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