Wednesday, 11 June 2014

Art criticism




Art criticism 





Today  I am going to enlighten my blog audience about Art criticism .Criticism and the psychology of art, although independent disciplines, are related to aesthetics. The psychology of art is concerned with such elements of the arts as human responses to color, sound, line, form, and words and with the ways in which the emotions condition such responses. Criticism confines itself to particular works of art, analyzing their structures, meanings, and problems, comparing them with other works, and evaluating them. Before go further , lets understand the meaning of criticism first .
Critisism means :



1.  act of criticizing: a spoken or written opinion or judgment of what is wrong or bad about somebody or something
2.  disapproval: spoken or written opinions that point out one or more faults of somebody or something
3.  assessment of creative work: considered judgment of or discussion about the qualities of something, especially a creative work.

Artists have often had an uneasy relationship with their critics. Artists usually need positive opinions from critics for their work to be viewed and purchased; unfortunately for the artists, only later generations may understand it.


History


Although critiques of art may have its origins in the origins of art itself, art criticism as a genre is credited to have acquired its modern form by the 18th century. The first writer to acquire an individual reputation as an art critic in 18th C. France was  La Font de Saint -Yenne who wrote about the Salon of 1737 and wrote primarily to entertain while including anti-monarchist rhetoric in his prose.

The 18th C. French writer Denis Diderot  is usually credited with the invention of the modern medium of art criticism. Diderot's "The Salon of 1765" was one of the first real attempts to capture art in words. According to art historian Thomas E. Crow , "When Diderot took up art criticism it was on the heels of the first generation of professional writers who made it their business to offer descriptions and judgments of contemporary painting and sculpture. The demand for such commentary was a product of the similarly novel institution of regular, free, public exhibitions of the latest art."

A dominating figure in 19th century art criticism was French poet Charles Baudelaire, whose first published work was his art review Salon of 1845, which attracted immediate attention for its boldness. Many of his critical opinions were novel in their time, including his championing of Eugene Delacroix and Gustava Courbet . When Edouard Manet's famous Olympia(1865), a portrait of a nude courtesan, provoked a scandal for its blatant realism, Baudelaire worked privately to support his friend.


Today

Art critics today work not only in print media-in specialist art magazines as well as newspapers, but also on the internet, on TV and on radio, and in museums and galleries. Many are also employed in universities or as art educators for museums. Art critics curate exhibitions and are frequently employed to write exhibition catalogues. Art critics have their own organisation, a UNESCO non-governmental organisation, called the International Association of Art Critics  which has around 76 national sections and a political non-aligned section for refugees and exiles .


Art Blogs

Since in the early 21st century, online art critical websites and art blogs have cropped up around the world to add their voices to the art world. Some notable art blogs and art blog writers who have focused on art criticism include Art fag city , Art Critical, Neoteric Art, James Wagner, Fallon and Rosof, CultureGrrl, Edward Winkleman's blog, Sharon Butler's Two Coats of Paint, The James Kalm  Report, Sharkforum  blog, Wooster Collective blog, Brian Sherwin's writing on Myartspace and FineArtViews, Hrag Vartanian & Hyperallergic, Tyler Green's Modern Art Notes, Mat Gleason's Coagula Art Journal and Jerry Saltz . Many of these writers use social media resources like Facebook , Twitter and Google+ to introduce readers to their opinions about art criticism.



























- Rishabh Shukla



copyright©2012-Present.Rishabh Shukla.All rights reserved

No part of this publication may be reproduced , stored in a  retrieval system or transmitted , in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner.  

Copyright infringement is never intended, if I published some of your work, and you feel I didn't credited properly, or you want me to remove it, please let me know and I'll do it immediately. 

There's a Warli on my wall .......




There's a Warli on my wall ............






The Warlis or Varlis are an  indigenous tribe or Adivasis , living in Mountainous as well as coastal areas of  Maharashtra - Gujarat  border and surrounding areas.They have their own animistic beliefs,life,customs and traditions,as a result of acculturation they have adopted many Hindu beliefs. The Warlis speak an unwritten Varli language which belong to the southern zone of theIndo - Aryan Languages and the union territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu.
The Warli speak in Varli language ,their own Indo- Aryan  dialect, which is mixture of Khandeshi Bhili , Gujarati and Marathi . They eat spicy food. Warlis also speak Marathi and Gujarati, and use them from written communication.




Warli Painting -

Warlis carry on a tradition stretching back to 2500 or 3000 BCE. Their mural paintings are similar to those done between 500 and 10,000 BCE in the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka, in Madhya Pradesh .
Their extremely rudimentary wall paintings use a very basic graphic vocabulary: a circle, a triangle and a square.Their paintings were monosyllbic. The circle and triangle come from their observation of nature, the circle representing the sun and the moon, the triangle derived from mountains and pointed trees. Only the square seems to obey a different logic and seems to be a human invention, indicating a sacred enclosure or a piece of land. So the central motive in each ritual painting is the square, known as the "chauk" or "chaukat", mostly of two types: Devchauk and Lagnachauk. Inside a Devchauk, we find Palaghata, the mother goddess, symbolizing fertility.Significantly, male gods are unusual among the Warli and are frequently related to spirits which have taken human shape. The central motif in these ritual paintings is surrounded by scenes portraying hunting, fishing and farming, festivals and dances, trees and animals. Human and animal bodies are represented by two triangles joined at the tip; the upper triangle depicts the trunk and the lower triangle the pelvis. Their precarious equilibrium symbolizes the balance of the universe, and of the couple, and has the practical and amusing advantage of animating the bodies.

The pared down pictorial language is matched by a rudimentary technique. The ritual paintings are usually done inside the huts. The walls are made of a mixture of branches, earth and cow dung, making a red ochre background for the wall paintings. The Warli use only white for their paintings. Their white pigment is a mixture of rice paste and water with gum as a binding. They use a bamboo stick chewed at the end to make it as supple as a paintbrush. The wall paintings are done only for special occasions such as weddings or harvests. The lack of regular artistic activity explains the very crude style of their paintings, which were the preserve of the womenfolk until the late 1970s. But in the 1970s this ritual art took a radical turn, when  Jivya Soma Mashe and his son Balu Mashe  started to paint, not for any special ritual, but because of his artistic pursuits. Warli painting also featured in Coca-Cola's 'Come home on Diwali' ad campaign in 2010 was a tribute to the spirit of India’s youth and a recognition of the distinct lifestyle of the Warli tribe of Western India.















- Rishabh Shukla







copyright©2012-Present.Rishabh Shukla.All rights reserved

No part of this publication may be reproduced , stored in a  retrieval system or transmitted , in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. 

Copyright infringement is never intended, if I published some of your work, and you feel I didn't credited properly, or you want me to remove it, please let me know and I'll do it immediately.

Tuesday, 10 June 2014

Nefertiti - Queen of Egypt



Nefertiti - Queen of Egypt


Nefertiti (ca. 1370 BC – ca. 1330 BC) was the Great Royal wife (chief consort) of the Egyptian Pharaoh Akhenaten . Nefertiti and her husband were known for a religious revolution, in which they worshiped one god only, Aten, or the sun disc.
Nefertiti had many titles including Hereditary Princess ; Great of Praises ; Lady of Grace , Sweet of Love ; Lady of The Two Lands ; Main King’s Wife, his beloved ; Great King’s Wife, his beloved and  Lady of all Women .

Nefertiti was one of the most powerful , beautiful and influential queens of ancient Egypt. Nefertiti was active in religious and cultural changes initiated by her husband . She had the position as a priest and she was devoted worshipper of god Aten . In the royal religion , the king and the queen were viewed as a ' primeval first pair' . It was they who worshipped the sun disk { named Aten } .
she also look on the role of Tefnut { goddess of moisture, moon , dryness and sun } .

Nefertiti remains the most beautiful woman in the world. She played in religious revolution centering on monotheistic worship of sun disk, Aten. About after 14 years , Nefertiti disappears from public view. One theory of Nefertiti's disappearance is that she assumed a male identity and ruled under the Smenkhare . Another theory , she was murdered as part of the return to traditional Egyptian religion customs.

Nefertiti joined her husband in reigning and in worship of a new religion . She joined her husband Akhenaten in worship  of a new religion that celebrated the power of  Sun disk Aten .

Nefertiti's prominent role in Egyptian royal rule and religious worship reflects her influence in public sphere. She was also influential in establishing one of the world's first monotheistic religion { the worship of one god } with the worship of sun - god Aten .



















- Rishabh Shukla




copyright©2012- Present. Rishabh Shukla.All rights reserved

No part of this publication may be reproduced , stored in a  retrieval system or transmitted , in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner.

Copyright infringement is never intended, if I published some of your work, and you feel I didn't credited properly, or you want me to remove it, please let me know and I'll do it immediately
.