Painting, photograph, or drawing of somebody, somebody’s face, or a related group is called Portrait & the art or practice of making portraits is called portraiture.
Portraiture, visual representation of individual people, distinguished by references to the subject's character, social position, wealth, or profession. In the broadest sense, portraiture can include representations of animals (favored pets or prize-winning livestock, for example) or even representations of dwellings. As discussed here, however, portraiture refers only to images of people.
Portraitists often strive for exact visual likenesses. However, although the viewer's correct identification of the sitter is of primary importance, exact replication is not always the goal. Artists may intentionally alter the appearance of their subjects by embellishing or refining their images to emphasize or minimize particular qualities (physical, psychological, or social) of the subject. Viewers sometimes praise most highly those images that seem to look very little like the sitter because these images are judged to capture some nonvisual quality of the subject.
Portraits can be executed in any medium, including sculpted stone and wood, oil, painted ivory, pastel, encaustic (wax) on wood panel, tempera on parchment, carved cameo, and hammered or poured metal.
Portraiture has broad and varied functions. Many societies regard portraits as important ways to convey status and acknowledge power and wealth. Many societies have employed portraits as a means of remembering the dead.
Portraits can include only the head of the subject, or they can depict the shoulders and head, the upper torso, or an entire figure shown either seated or standing. Portraits can show individuals either self-consciously posing in ways that convey a sense of timelessness or captured in the midst of work or daily activity. During some historical periods, portraits were severe and emphasized authority, and during other periods artists worked to communicate spontaneity and the sensation of life.
Portraiture is considered a specialized subgroup of art, and therefore it has its own standards and criteria. A portrait is judged, in part, on how closely it resembles the appearance of the subject. Portraits, however, are not limited to simply recreating external appearances and situations and often are highly regarded for portraying a range of qualities of an individual or group. Artists utilize elements of their portraits—backgrounds, props, or mounts for the sitter (thrones or horses, for example)—to provide information about the subject's character or place in society.
Please have a look over this collection of portraits .........
- Rishabh Shukla
copyright©2012Rishabh Shukla.All rights reserved
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